CFP under the control of pTAC promoter
This part is composed of the CFP coding sequence under the control of the pTAC promoter, a strong RBS and a bidirectional terminator.
Sequence and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 21COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 23COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 25COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 1000COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
pTAC promoter was taken from part part BBa_K864400 . This promoter is a hybrid of two operons: the trp and lac operons.This promoter is inducible by IPTG and commonly used in Escherichia coli for overproduction of proteins. Escherichia coli NM522 strain that we used in our lab constitutively express the LacIq protein, a strong pTAC promoter repressor. However, in absence of IPTG, we observed a strong leakage when plating our BBa_K1934000 transformants. Therefore, we decided to put a CFP reporter ORF under control of the pTAC promoter to characterize the promoter-driven transcriptional noise.
Expression of the pTAC-CFP fusion in presence of increasing amount of the inductor IPTG
Experimental designThe CFP coding sequence (BBa_E2020) was placed in silico under the control of the pTAC promoter (BBa_K864400), a strong RBS (BBa_B0030) and a bidirectional terminator (BBa_B0011). IDT performed the DNA synthesis and delivered the part as gBlock. The construct was cloned by conventional ligation into pSB1C3 plasmid and then transformed into E. coli NM522 strain. In order to study the efficiency of the pTAC promoter for the overproduction of proteins, recombinant clones were grown overnight in LB at 37°C in duplicate in three different induction conditions (IPTG concentrations): 0 mmol.L-1, 1 mmol.L-1 and 5 mmol.L-1. OD600 of each culture was measured every hour over six hours. E. coli NM522 strain was grown overnight in LB at 37°C in the same three induction conditions as control.
- Noise of the pTAC: fluorescence in absence of IPTG
We studied the noise of the promoter by comparing the normalized fluorescence between the construction and the NM522 strain without any induction of IPTG.
An ANOVA was made to see if there was a time effect between the two populations. We obtain a p-value of 0.96, suggesting that time had no effect on pTAC-CFP expression in absence of IPTG (α<0.05). Given this result, we gathered data to analyze if there was a significant difference between the two strains. A Student test was performed with the variance not equal. The p-value of 0.10 indicated that the strain carrying pTAC-CFP transcriptional fusion didn’t display a significant fluorescence difference with the control strain.
- pTAC induction by increasing concentration of IPTG
Then we studied the induction of the promoter by comparing the normalized fluorescence of the construction under the induction of [IPTG] = 0 and 1 mmol.L-1.
An ANOVA test was made to see if there was a time effect between the two populations. A p-value of 0.05 indicated that time had no effect on the fluorescence induction (α<0.05). Data was therefore gathered in order to compare the strain fluorescence with 1 mmol.L-1 IPTG and no IPTG. We realized a Student test with the variance not equal and obtained a p-value of 4.64*10-10, showing a significant difference of fluorescence due to the presence of IPTG in the medium.
Finally, we compared the expression of the pTAC-CFP transcriptional fusion in 2 concentrations of IPTG: 1 and 5 mmol.L-1.
An ANOVA was made to see if there was a time effect between the two populations. A p-value of 0.55 indicated that time had no effect (α<0.05). From there, we gathered data to analyze if there was a significant difference between the two concentrations of IPTG. We realized a Student test with the variance not equal and obtained a p-value of 0.54, indicating that no significant difference of fluorescence was observed with the rise of IPTG concentration.
In the case of CFP, the pTAC promoter seemed to enable a gene tune because there wasn’t a differential gene expression in absence of IPTG, so a significant noise wasn’t measured.