Designed by: jcbraff   Group: Antiquity   (2004-06-07)

enhanced yellow fluorescent protein derived from A. victoria GFP

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Usage and Biology

should be more stable than E0032 but less than E0036


  • Group: iGEM Team HBUT China 2019
  • Author: Qiushi Li
  • Summary: A fluorescence study to characterize this EYFP protein and compare it against GFP and E0032.


Aim & Hypothesis

According to the registry, BBa_E0034 should be more stable than BBa_E0032, so our hypothesis is BBa_E0034 is more stable than BBa_E0032. In order to determine the fluorescence stability of the two parts (BBa_E0034 and BBa_E0032) expression products, the fluorescence/OD600 (Fl./OD600) values according time in every groups were measured. BBa_J23107, from a constitutive promoter family, was chosen as the promoter, and BBa_B0062 and BBa_B0011 were chosen as the terminator. Those parts had successfully worked with RFP, and that’s why we are using them. BBa_J23107 (promoter) and BBa_B0062 and BBa_B0011 (terminator) were ligated in to vector pSB1C3.



1. BBa_E0034 and BBa_E0032 were amplificated by PCR.

2. Connect the BBa_E0034 and BBa_E0032 into the plasmid pSB1C3 respectively, and transform them to E. coli.

3. Pre-experiment.

A. culture them in 5 mL LB medium at 37  and wrap the culture tube with tin paper to avoid light influence.

B. Use fluorescence microscopy to observe fluorescence signal feedback after overnight incubation to determine its expression.

4. Use primitive E. coli (DH5α) as negative control, and use E. coli with the same promoter and terminator connected GFP. Culture the E. coli in 5 mL LB medium in three tubes at 37 (with tin paper as light barrier).

5. Detect the protein expression of E0032, E0034 and blank control in E.coli by laser scanning confocal microscope analysis.

6. Measure the ABS and fluorescence of blank group and experimental groups every 1 hour. The first 3 hours were not diluted. Diluted 5 times from the fourth time. Measure 10 times in total.

7. Draw the fluorescence-ABS curve and compare the stability of the two fluorescent proteins.



1. We successfully connected the gene fragment between the promoter and terminator in pSB1C3, and send it for sequencing. The result showed that we correctly connected the gene fragment.


2. The protein expression of E0032, E0034 and blank control in E.coli cells were detected by laser scanning confocal microscope analysis.

E0032 under the laser scanning confocal microscope
E0034 under the laser scanning confocal microscope
Blank control under the laser scanning confocal microscope

The results indicated that both E0032, E0034 and blank control had fluorescence, but the fluorescence is very weak.


3. In order to confirm the expression of these two yellow fluorescent proteins. Another fluorescent protein, green fluorescent protein was ligated in the same vector, with the same promoter and terminator. The fluorescent microplate reader was used to measure the fluorescence of the three bacteria.

From the curve we can see that using these two promoter and terminator, the expression levels of these two yellow fluorescent proteins are very low, lower than the green fluorescent protein, slightly higher than the blank bacteria. We are not sure if it can express higher using other promoter and terminator.

E0032 E0034 GFP Blank control fluorescence to ABS 600nm
E0032 E0034 GFP fluorescence compare


We can see fluorescence signals under the laser scanning confocal microscope, which tells that we have correctly built the plasmid. However, comparing with GFP, using the same promoter and terminator, E0034 and E0032 has a very low level of expression. Other promoters and terminators are not tried, this conclusion is only based on the results of this experiment.

Sequence and Features

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
  • 12
  • 21
  • 23
  • 25
  • 1000

Functional Parameters: Austin_UTexas

BBa_E0034 parameters

Burden Imposed by this Part:

Burden Value: -0.3 ± 3.7%

Burden is the percent reduction in the growth rate of E. coli cells transformed with a plasmid containing this BioBrick (± values are 95% confidence limits). This BioBrick did not exhibit a burden that was significantly greater than zero (i.e., it appears to have little to no impact on growth). Therefore, users can depend on this part to remain stable for many bacterial cell divisions and in large culture volumes. Refer to any one of the BBa_K3174002 - BBa_K3174007 pages for more information on the methods, an explanation of the sources of burden, and other conclusions from a large-scale measurement project conducted by the 2019 Austin_UTexas team.

This functional parameter was added by the 2020 Austin_UTexas team.