Prokaryotic Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) ( a blue light stimulated photoreceptor)
|Function||blue light stimulated photoreceptor|
|RFC standard||RFC 10|
|Submitted by||NEU-China 2016|
Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) is a blue light stimulated photoreceptor, when exposed to blue light, it would interact withthe N-terminal fragment of CIB1 (CIBN) . This part is full-length CRY2 CDS.
Optogenetic systems enable precise spatial and temporal control of cell behavior. A light-activated CRISPR/Cas9 effector (LACE) system that induces transcription of endogenous genes in the presence of blue light.This was accomplished by fusing the light-inducible heterodimerizing proteins CRY2 and CIB1 to a transactivation domain and the catalytically inactive tCas9, respectively. The versatile LACE system can be easily directed to new DNA sequences for the dynamic regulation of endogenous genes.
Usage and Biology
|Protein data table for BioBrick BBa_ automatically created by the BioBrick-AutoAnnotator version 1.0|
|Nucleotide sequence in RFC 10: (underlined part encodes the protein)|
ATGAAGATG ... GGTTGCAAATAATAA
ORF from nucleotide position 1 to 1836 (excluding stop-codon)
|Amino acid sequence: (RFC 25 scars in shown in bold, other sequence features underlined; both given below)|
|Sequence features: (with their position in the amino acid sequence, see the list of supported features)|
|Amino acid composition:|
|Amino acid counting|
|Plot for hydrophobicity, charge, predicted secondary structure, solvent accessability, transmembrane helices and disulfid bridges|
|Alignments (obtained from PredictProtein.org)|
There were no alignments for this protein in the data base. The BLAST search was initialized and should be ready in a few hours.
|Predictions (obtained from PredictProtein.org)|
|There were no predictions for this protein in the data base. The prediction was initialized and should be ready in a few hours.|
| The BioBrick-AutoAnnotator was created by TU-Munich 2013 iGEM team. For more information please see the documentation.|
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Proof of function
Verification of the suppression efficiency of gRNA
With different target loci have been tested by the usage of a GFP reporter plasmid(pCold-1) with a CSPA promotor. The target sites can be determined by directing the gRNA consisting of 20 bp length against the desired sequence of interest. F2 gRNA with target sites at different distances to the promotor regions proved successfully as potential activation sites (see Table 1 and Figure 3).
|Name||Binding Site||Distance to promoter||Sequence||Position|
|F1||CSPA promoter||15||TGCATCACCCGCCAATGCG||sense sequences|
|R1||CSPA promoter||43||ATTAATCATAAATATGAAA||antisense sequences|
Table 1: Overview of the tested gRNAs with different binding sites on the GFP pCold-1 plasmid.
To ensure the suppression efficiency of the gRNA, four gRNA sequences targeting different sites of CSPA promoter were designed and transfected into the E. coli strains BL21. Efficient suppression of CSPA promoter in strains BL21 was observed. GFP levels in GFP transgenic strains decrease after inserting a fragment that expresses CSPA promoter gRNA. And the sequence with the best suppression effect was selected for further study.
Silencing capability validation
We next evaluated the effect of tCas9-cibn on suppressing CSPA promoter. GFP expression levels were assayed in strains BL21 after co-transformation with tCas9-cibn and gRNA.
Compared with control groups, green fluorescence intensity and mRNA levels were dramatically reduced in groups treated with gRNA and tCas9-cibn. These results suggest that gRNA can specifically guide tCas9 to target upstream of CSPA promoter, thereby to inhibit CSPA promoter to reduce GFP expression levels.
Activation of a fluorescence reporter
Spatially controlled activation of gene expression was achieved in strains co-transfected with the LACE system, a reporter vector containing a gRNA target sequence upstream of CSPA promoter and the eGFP gene. Strains transfected with light-activated CRISPR/Cas9 effector (LACE) and incubated in the dark did not show a significant difference in eGFP levels compared to control groups transfected with empty plasmid. Strains containing the LACE system and gRNA exhibited significantly brighter eGFP fluorescence intensity when illuminated compared to when incubated in the dark.Activation of the eGFP reporter in strains transfected with the gRNA and LACE constructs, the gRNA and tCas9-VP64 expression plasmid or an empty plasmid as a negative control was quantified after 24 hours of illumination or incubation in the dark.
Proof of expression
Stationary cultures of BL21 J23114 was subcultured into fresh media and growth for 4 hours. Subsequent Extraction of protein from Bacterial and visualization using SDS-PAGE confirms that proteins of the expected size are present in the supernatant and hence most likely successfully secreted by the engineered bacterial strains.
Sequence and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 21Illegal BglII site found at 411
Illegal BglII site found at 870
Illegal BamHI site found at 1349
- 23COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 25Illegal AgeI site found at 295
Illegal AgeI site found at 1024
- 1000Illegal BsaI site found at 647
Illegal BsaI.rc site found at 56
Illegal SapI.rc site found at 164
 Westra E.R., Swarts D.C., Staals R.H., Jore M.M., Brouns S.J., van der Oost J. (2012). The CRISPRs, they are a-changin': how prokaryotes generate adaptive immunity. Annu Rev Genet. 46, 311-39
 Mali P., Yang L., Esvelt K.M., Aach J., Guell M., DiCarlo J.E., Norville J.E., Church G.M. (2013). RNA-guided human genome engineering via Cas9. Science 339(6121), 823-6
 Jiang W., Bikard D., Cox D., Zhang F., Marraffini L.A. (2013). RNA-guided editing of bacterial genomes using CRISPR-Cas systems. Nat Biotechnol. 31(3), 233-9
 Cong, L., Ran, F.A., Cox, D., Lin, S., Barretto, R., Habib, N., Hsu, P.D., Wu, X., Jiang, W., Marraffini, L.A., Zhang, F. (2013). Multiplex Genome Engineering Using CRISPR/Cas Systems. Science 339 (6121), 819-23
 Qi L.S., Larson M.H., Gilbert L.A., Doudna J.A., Weissman J.S., Arkin A.P., Lim W.A. (2013). Repurposing CRISPR as an RNA-guided platform for sequence-specific control of gene expression. Cell 152(5), 1173-83
 Lauren R. Polstein and Charles A. Gersbach. (2015). A light-inducible CRISPR/Cas9 system for control of endogenous gene activation. Nat Chem Biol 11(3): 198–200
|function||blue light stimulated photorecepto|