Designed by: Ke ZHU   Group: iGEM21_Shanghai_Metro_HS   (2021-10-12)


Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
  • 12
  • 21
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  • 23
  • 25
  • 1000


Name: PKC-OP

Base Pairs: 1086bp

Origin: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, genome

Properties: A coding sequence of alkali cellulase.

Usage and Biology

BBa_K4096002 is a coding sequence of alkali cellulase (PKC-OP) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Cellulases break down the cellulose molecule into monosaccharides ("simple sugars") such as beta-glucose, or shorter polysaccharides and oligosaccharides. Several different kinds of cellulases are known, which differ structurally and mechanistically. Synonyms, derivatives, and specific enzymes associated with the name "cellulase" include endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanase (beta-1,4-glucanase, beta-1,4-endoglucan hydrolase, endoglucanase D, 1,4-(1,3,1,4)-beta-D-glucan 4-glucanohydrolase), carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase), avicelase, celludextrinase, cellulase A, cellulosin AP, alkali cellulase, cellulase A 3, 9.5 cellulase, and pancellase SS.

Construct design

The alkaline cellulase gene from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PKC-001 was selected and we performed codon optimization on PKC-001 sequence to get PKC-OP, which was inserted into the pET-25b vector which contains a pelB signal peptide (Figure 1). The recombinant plasmid then was transformed it to E. coli BL21(DE3) strain to produce cellulase.

Figure 1. Genetic design of our gene.

The profiles of every basic part are as follows:

Experimental approach

Construction of recombinant plasmid

Figure 2. The result of enzyme cutting and PCR.

This picture is the nucleic acid electrophoresis result of enzyme cutting and PCR (By performing PCR, we can obtain the desirable PKC-OP’s gene segment.). Column “marker” is a column that is used to show the position of different lengths of genes. In this step, our aim is to verify whether these results are the desired ones. Number 1 and 2 is the result for pET-25b after enzyme digestion. Additionally, number 3 is the pET-25b without enzyme cutting. At last, number 4 and 5 is the PKC-OP after PCR. As our experiment moves on, the concentration of our PKC-OP and pET-25b are 233.2ng/μL and 17.8ng/μL. Lastly, we use the homologous combination to combine them.

Figure 3. coil having the desired pET-25b and PKC-OP.

The pET25b-PKC-OP was constructed. The plate shows monoclonals of pET25b-PKC-OP constructs.

Figure 4. The result of Apa1 enzyme digestion validation .

Column “marker” is a column that is used to show the position of different lengths of genes. Number 1 to 10 is the result for recombinant plasmid pET25b-PKC-OP after Apa1 enzyme digestion. We get two bands of 4712bp and 1894bp. It further indicates that the obtained monoclonals were positive monoclonals containing the recombinant plasmid. 1, 7 and 8 plasmids were sent to sequence.

Figure 5 The result of sequencing for plasmid pET25b-PKC-OP..

Sequencing feedback shows we have obtained the correct plasmids which is consistent with their DNA profiles.

Proof of function

Different induction conditions were tested for protein expression. As the pET-25b vector contains a pelB signal peptide, the engineered strain would secret the protein into the medium. Therefore, we collected the culture supernatant after induction and ran SDS-PAGE for verification (Figure 6).

Figure 6. SDS-PAGE analysis of culture supernatant under different induction conditions..

The theoretical molecular weight of the PKC cellulase is 45.6 kDa. As seen from the SDS-PAGE (Figure 6), there is a wide band just above 40 kDa and it indicates that we have obtained the PKC cellulase.


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