Base Pairs: 2107 bp
Origin: Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6
Properties: hydrolysis of PET
Usage and Biology
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the most widely produced polyester plastic and its accumulation in the environment has become a global concern. At the same time, the daily intake of microplastics by humans is gradually increasing, which damages human health. Therefore, researchers believe that it is important to develop an environmental-friendly plastic degradation method by using microorganisms. Recently, a novel bacterial strain called Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 has been discovered that produces a couple of unique enzymes, IsPETase and MHETase, enabling the bacteria to utilize PET as their sole carbon source.
The enzyme IsPETase is a hydrolase, and it is crucial for hydrolysis of PET. To verify this property, we use E. coli as the starting strain and construct an engineered strain of IsPETase to explore its biological activity of the hydrolysis of PET. To purify the protein, we also transfer the plasmid expressing IsPETase into BL21(DE3). We use pGEX as backbone and add a GST tag at its N-terminal. The enzyme is under the regulation of T7 promoter and can be induced by adding IPTG.
The T7 promoter is often used for protein overexpression. It is powerful and specific. It is completely controlled by T7 RNAP. When T7 RNAP is present in the cell, the T7 expression system occupies an absolute advantage compared to the host expression system. Its expression The speed is 5 times that of the former.
Purification of IsPETase( ~35.13 kDa)_BL21(DE3) In order to present the function of the part, the IsPETase and MHETase gene were expressed in E. coli under the control of T7 promoter. Then the bacterial cells are collected and crushed. The samples of whole expression cell lysate, supernatant and pellet of cell lysate were analyzed using SDS-PAGE and Western blot (only for his-tag proteins from pET28a vector), which is found in the corresponding protein band of approximately 35 kDa (Figure 2).
IsPETase( ~35.13 kDa)_BL21(DE3)
Lane M1: Protein marker
Lane M2: Western blot marker
Lane PC1: BSA (1μg)
Lane PC2: BSA (2μg)
Lane NC: Cell lysate without induction
Lane 1: Cell lysate with induction for 16h at 15 oC
Lane 2: Cell lysate with induction for 4 h at 37 oC
Lane NC1: Supernatant of cell lysate without induction
Lane 3: Supernatant of cell lysate with induction for 16h at 15 oC
Lane 4: Supernatant of cell lysate with induction for 4 h at 37 oC
Lane NC2: Pellet of cell lysate without induction
Lane 5: Pellet of cell lysate with induction for 16h at 15 oC
Lane 6: Pellet of cell lysate with induction for 4 h at 37 oC
The primary antibody for western blot is anti-His antibody In this project，western blot (right) analysis for IsPETase was cloned in pET28a, the primary antibody for western blot is anti-His antibody. IsPETase-His protein was successfully expressed.
In addition, IsPETase genes were also cloned to the expression vector pGEX-6P-1, which produce recombinant protein fusion with Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) tag.
Lane 6: IsPETase Cell lysate without induction for 20 h at 16oC
Lane 7: IsPETase Cell lysate with induction for 20 h at 16oC
Lane 8,9,10: GST elution fractions of purification of lane 7 by GST-affinity chromatography
1. Shosuke Yoshida et al. A bacterium that degrades and assimilates poly(ethylene terephthalate), Science (2016).
2. Harry P Austin. et al. Characterization and engineering of a plastic-degrading aromatic polyesterase, PNAS(2018)
3. Chun-Chi Chen et al. General features to enhance enzymatic activity of poly(ethylene terephthalate) hydrolysis, Nature Catalysis(2021).
Sequence and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12Illegal NheI site found at 304
- 21Illegal XhoI site found at 871
- 23COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 25Illegal AgeI site found at 627
- 1000COMPATIBLE WITH RFC