Composite

Part:BBa_K2201365

Designed by: Maximilian Edich   Group: iGEM17_Bielefeld-CeBiTec   (2017-10-20)


BBa_K2201265 downstream of the Carboxysome and T7 promoter

This composite parts cotains the carboxysome, tagged with GFP and the RuBisCO with an amber codon at position 2 of the small subunit and 474 of the large subunit. It could be used for the colocalization of the carboxysome and the RuBisCo.

Usage and Biology

Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (RuBisCo) catalyzes the incorporation of inorganic CO2 to ribulose 1,5‑bisphosphate to form two 3‑phosphoglycerate molecules. The catalyzed reaction is shown in Figure 1.(Andersson 2008).

Figure 1: RuBisCo reaction
Reaction catalyzed by ribulose 1,5-bisphosphat carboxylase oxygenase (RuBisCo). Ribulose 1,5‑bisphosphate is converted in two molecules 3‑phophoglycerate.</p>

Due to its numerous side reactions, for example the oxygenase activity resulting in the production of 2‑phosphoglycolate when O2 is present, RuBisCo is a very inefficient catalyst. CO2 and O2 are competitive substrates in the two reactions and only the production of 3‑phosphoglycerate leads to CO2 fixation. [Andersson 2008, Jordan 1981]. For a more complex description please refer to iGEM Bielefeld 2014 BBa_K1465202. Our aim was to localize the RuBisCo with the help of the fluorescent noncanonical amino acid L-7-Hydroxy(L-coumrayl)ethylglycine(CouAA). To incorporate this amino acid during translation we used the orthogonal tRNA/aaRS BBa_ K2201204 that incorporates CouAA in response to the amber stop codon TAG. We designed seven different variants of the RuBisCo with one to three amber stop codons at different positions to find out how many fluorescent amino acids are necessary to localize the RuBisCo and if the position of the fluorescence amino acid influences the fluorescence signal. The constructed variants are listed below. All these variants are also available as composite parts under control of a T7-promotor behind the carboxysome to colocalize the RuBisCo and the carboxysome, which is labeled with the green fluorescent protein (GFP). The numbers of the composite parts are listed behind the number of the basic part.

  • BBa_K2201261 (BBa_K2201361) with a TAG codon at position 2 of the small subunit
  • BBa_ K2201262 (BBa_K2201362) with a TAG codon at position 111 of the small subunit
  • BBa_K2201263 (BBa_K2201363) with a TAG codon at position 474 of the large subunit
  • BBa_K2201264 (BBa_K2201364) with a TAG codon at position 2 and psition 11 of the small subunit
  • BBa_K2201265 (BBa_K2201365) with a TAG codon at position 2 of the small and position 474 of the large subunit
  • BBa_K2201266 (BBa_K2201366) with a TAG codon at position 11 of the small and position 474 of the large subunit
  • BBa_K2201267 (BBa_K2201367) with a TAG codon at position 2 and 111 of the small and position 474 of the large subunit

To compare the localization with the fluorescent amino acid to the localization with a fluorescent protein we constructed a fusion protein containing the RuBisCo and a red fluorescent protein (mRFP) BBa_K2201260 . Like the other variants it is also available as composite part unter control of a T7-promotor behind the carboxysome(BBa_K2201360).

Sequence and Features

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[10]
  • 12
    INCOMPATIBLE WITH RFC[12]
    Illegal NheI site found at 216
    Illegal NheI site found at 6512
  • 21
    INCOMPATIBLE WITH RFC[21]
    Illegal BglII site found at 374
    Illegal BamHI site found at 5955
    Illegal BamHI site found at 6636
  • 23
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[23]
  • 25
    INCOMPATIBLE WITH RFC[25]
    Illegal AgeI site found at 882
    Illegal AgeI site found at 1833
    Illegal AgeI site found at 2514
    Illegal AgeI site found at 3417
  • 1000
    INCOMPATIBLE WITH RFC[1000]
    Illegal BsaI.rc site found at 4566

Functional Parameters

To colocalize the RuBisCO in vivo, a plasmid containing the CDS a carboxysome-GFP fusion protein and one of the RuBisCO variants containing the amber stop codon was cotransformed with BBa_K2201204, containing the CouAA-aaRS and tRNA in pSB3T5. The seven different variants and the negative control were prepared like described before for the CLSM images. The images of the negative control and the variant containing one CouAA at amino acid position 2 of the small subunit are shown in Figure 2. The construct BBa_K2201360 containing the fusion protein of mRFP and RuBisCO showed no visible fluorescence. Maybe the linker was not suitable, so the mRFP was not able to fold correctly.



Figure 2::CLSM images of the carboxysome and the RuBisCo containing no fluorescent amino acid (BBa_K2201368) and containing CouAA at position 2 of the small subunit (BBa_K2201361). In both samples the left picture shows the image generated through the DAPI, the middle the image through the GFP filter. The left picture shows an overlay of the light microscopy image and the both filters.


Unlike Sup35, the RuBisCO is not localized in the whole cytoplasm. It seems like most of the RuBisCo is localized in the carboxysome and only a small amount is localized over the whole cell. The fluorescence image of BBa_K2201362 (stop codon at position 111 of the small subunit) shows the same localization of the RuBisCO inside the carboxysome. Furthermore, there is no visible difference in the fluorescence intensity between BBa_K2201361 and BBa_K2201362 (Figure 2 and 3). In contrast, BBa_K2201363 (CouAA at position 474 of the large subunit) shows no visible fluorescence (Figure 3). This indicates that the position where CouAA is incorporated has a strong influence on the fluorescence signal, like assumed by our expert Prof. Nediljko Budisa.


Figure 3::CLSM images of the carboxysome and the RuBisCo containing an fluorescent amino acid at position 111 of the small subunit (BBa_K2201362) and containing CouAA at position 474 of the large subunit (BBa_K2201363). In both samples the left picture shows the image generated through the DAPI, the middle the image through the GFP filter. The left picture shows an overlay of the light microscopy image and the both filters.


Furthermore, we wanted to investigate if the incorporation of more than one fluorescent amino acid strengthens the fluorescence signal. Therefore, we prepared the four RuBisCO variants containing more than one amber stop codon like described before for fluorescence microscopy. The resulting images are shown in figure 4.

Figure 4::CLSM images of the carboxysome and the RuBisCo containing more than one CouAA at different positions. In all samples the left picture shows the image generated through the DAPI, the middle the image through the GFP filter. The right picture shows an overlay of the light microscopy image and the both filters. BBa_K2201364 contains an amber codon at position 2 and 11 of the small subunit. BBa_K2201365 contains an amber codon at position 2 of the small subunit and 474 of the large subunit. BBa_K2201366 contains an amber codon at position 111 of the small and 474 of the large subunit. BBa_K2201367 contains an amber codon at position 2 and 111 of the small and 474 of the large subunit.




Compared to the fluorescence of the samples containing only one amber codon (BBa_K2201361, BBa_K2201362 and BBa_K2201363), and containing all three amber codons, (BBa_K2201367) the fluorescence of the samples containing two amber codons seemed to be the strongest. In all three of the samples containing two amber codons, and thus two CouAAs, the localization of the RuBisCO inside the carboxysome is visible. Another amber codon more could not increase the fluorescence intensity. This could be a result of a lower yield or the relatively low fluorescence of CouAA incorporated at position 474 of the large subunit.
All in all, the position of the CouAA and the number of the incorporated amino acids influence the fluorescence intensity and thus the quality of the localization in vivo. For the RuBisCo the incorporation of two CouAA resulted in the best fluorescence microscopy pictures. We proved that our tool is suitable for the localization in vivo and we were able to localize the RuBisCo inside the carboxysome.

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