Designed by: Mustafa Yılmaz   Group: iGEM15_ATOMS-Turkiye   (2015-09-13)

Tev Protease, single S219V mutation in the internal cleavage site

As a protease needed to cut the cleavage site between DAMP and Pexiganan, TEV protease is chosen to serve this purpose. TEV protease is the common name for the 27 kDa catalytic domain of the Nuclear Inclusion a (NIa) protein encoded by the tobacco etch virus (TEV). Because its sequence specificity, TEV protease is a very useful reagent for cleaving fusion proteins. It is also relatively easy to overproduce and purify large quantities of the enzyme. (Macromollecular Crystallography Laboratory, Protein Engineering Section, David Waugh)

Usage and Biology

TEV protease (also called Tobacco Etch Virus nuclear inclusion a endopeptidase) is a highly sequence-specific cysteine protease from Tobacco Etch Virus (TEV).The consensus for these native cut sites is ENLYFQ\S where ‘\’ denotes the cleaved peptide bond.One of the main uses of this protein is for removing affinity tags from purified proteins. The reason for the use of TEV protease as a biochemical tool is its high sequence specificity. This specificity allows for the controlled cleavage of proteins when the preference sequence is inserted into flexible loops. It also makes it relatively non-toxic in vivo as the recognized sequence scarcely occurs in proteins[1]. However, TEV protease does have limitations as a biochemical tool. It is prone to deactivation by self-cleavage (autolysis), though this can be abolished through a single S219V mutation in the internal cleavage site.[2]



After we clonned to pET45-b succesfully we showed our aim proteins production via western blotting with using His-tag which locate in N-terminal of these proteins.

Figure 1


We demonstrated that DAMP-Pexiganan and TEV Protease proteins synthesing succesfully within clonning to pET45-b plasmid. We thought that we should insert both two genes(DAMP-Pexiganan and TEV Protease) at the same time to same bacteria to show TEV Protease breaking linker chain (to releasing active free pexiganan) that is between DAMP and Pexiganan. We have seen with the same origin in two plasmids can not be found in a bacterium simultaneously due to origin incompatibility process. For this reason, we decided to clonning one of these two gene sequences into pet45-b plasmid which have ColE origin and one of the gene sequence clonning into pColA plasmid which have ColA origin which also we designed it.

Before that we achieved to clonning both of two gene sequences into pET45-b vector. Therefore, clonning only one of these genes would be enough for us. We decided to locate TEV Protease gene sequence into pET45-b because our essential want to control protein is TEV Protease. And we decided clonning DAMP-Pexiganan gene sequence into pColA vector. For clonning DAMP-Pexiganan protein sequence into pColA vector we toke out our gene with NotI enzyme from PSB1C3-DAMP-Pexiganan plasmid. We did ligation with pET45-b vector which digested the same enzyme. Following ligation, the resulting plasmids were transformed into BL21 competent bacteria.

We did colony PCR in order to check the accuracy of cloning with using pColA forward and pColA reverse primers. If the clonning resulted negative expecting band would be 192 bp. On the other hand if we succesfully clonned these part, expected band would be 908 bp.

After colony PCR consequences we have put the positive resulted clonnings 16 hours liquid culture after that we isolated plasmid DNA with miniprep plasmid izolation method. We make cutcheck to our attained plasmid DNAs for put a second control step. Our restriction enzymes those we used are XbaI and SpeI.

Figure 2


After we clonning DAMP-Pexiganan gene sequence into pColA plasmid and TEV Protease gene sequence into pET45-b for transformate these both two plasmids into same BL21 bacteria we did cotransformation. After cotransformation process we put bacterias at 37C for 16 hours incubation. End of 16 hours as a result we did not see any bacteria colony over agar plate.

We retried several times this cotransformation process but with these tryings we havent seen any bacteria colony on our agar plates.

TEV protease Activity Control

After the negative results obtained from cotransformation experiements we designed a new experimental apparatus to demonstrate TEV Protease's breaking or separator effect to DAMP-Pexiganan molecules linker site. We firstly make broth culture secondly put incubation at 37C for 13 hours bacterias which contain pET45-DAMP-Pexiganan and pET45-TEV Protease plasmids. For inducing protein production we added 1mM IPTG into medium at 13rd hour. Next we left these incubation for 3 hours at 37C. We isolated protein from totally 16 hours incubated broth culture. We prepared a suitable buffer to create the conditions necessary to show the TEV Protease’s enzymatic activity.(Conditions are given below). Then we prepare our DAMP-Pex, and TEV protease isolated proteins by mixing in the buffer, we put the resulting mixture overnight incubation at 20° C. After incubation, to observe the fate of DAMP-pexigan proteins we did Western Blot. But in western blotting, we could not get any significant rational result.

IISER_Bhopal 2020

Usage and Biology

(Author: Priya Sharma)

Tobacco Etch Virus nuclear-inclusion-a endopeptidase (TEV protease) from the Tobacco Etch Virus (TEV) can cleave its substrate ENLYFQS between QS with high specificity. It leaves 6 residues on the upstream protein and a single Serine residue on the downstream protein after cleavage. [3] It is frequently used for the controlled cleavage of fusion proteins in vitro and in vivo. TEV protease has the ability to self-cleave i.e. it can separate itself from the fusion protein. Self-cleavage by TEV protease was demonstrated in plant cells. [4] TEV protease can be delivered with the genes of interest as a fusion protein. It can efficiently and stoichiometrically separate up to three proteins in bacterial cells (E. Coli) as well as mammalian cells (COS-7, HeLa, and HEK-293). We can reliably construct multi-gene circuits with a single vector with the help of TEV protease. [5]

We codon optimized the existing sequence for expression in Escherichia coli. Additionally we removed the extra base pairs from the existing sequence and added a start codon for independent translation. New part: BBa_K3450016

Sequence and Features

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
  • 12
  • 21
    Illegal BamHI site found at 2
    Illegal XhoI site found at 744
  • 23
  • 25
  • 1000
    Illegal BsaI site found at 605


[1]Parks TD, Leuther KK, Howard ED, Johnston SA, Dougherty WG (February 1994). "Release of proteins and peptides from fusion proteins using a recombinant plant virus proteinase". Anal. Biochem. 216 (2): 413–7. doi:10.1006/abio.1994.1060. PMID 8179197
[2]Kapust RB, Tözsér J, Fox JD, Anderson DE, Cherry S, Copeland TD, Waugh DS (December 2001). "Tobacco etch virus protease: mechanism of autolysis and rational design of stable mutants with wild-type catalytic proficiency". Protein Eng. 14 (12): 993–1000. doi:10.1093/protein/14.12.993. PMID 11809930
[3]Kapust RB, To¨zse´r J, Copeland TD, Waugh DS (2002) The P10 specificity of tobacco etch virus protease. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 294:949–955.
[4]Marcos JF, Beachy RN (1997) Transgenic accumulation of two plant virus coat proteins on a single self processing polypeptide. J Gen Virol 78:1771–1778.
[5] Chen X, Pham E, Truong K. TEV protease-facilitated stoichiometric delivery of multiple genes using a single expression vector. Protein Sci. 2010;19(12):2379-2388. doi:10.1002/pro.518]

n/aTev Protease, single S219V mutation in the internal cleavage site