Designed by: Korinna Kraft   Group: iGEM12_LMU-Munich   (2012-07-16)

PliaG is the promoter of the liaG gene of Bacillus subtilis, which is weak and constitutive.

Usage and Biology

PliaG is a weak, constitutive promoter from B. subtilis. It is responsible for the transcription of the last four genes of the liaIHGFSR locus and therefore for the production of the components of the LiaRS system, which is important for the detection of cell wall antibiotics (Jordan et al., 2006). PliaG was evaluated with the lux operon as well as the lacZ as reporter. For more details visit the Data page of the LMU-Munich Team 2012 or get an overview of our whole project Beadzillus.


This part was also evaluated in the publication The Bacillus BioBrick Box: generation and evaluation of essential genetic building blocks for standardized work with Bacillus subtilis by Radeck et al..

Luminescence measurements

The constitutive promoters PliaG and PlepA were evaluated in the reporter vector pSBBs3C-luxABCDE which contains the lux operon. The promoter activity leads to gene expression and to the production of the protein luciferase. The luminescence produced by this protein can be measured with the plate reader Synergy2 (Biotek) (Fig.1).

400px-Auswertung plate reader andere promotoren.png

Fig. 1: Luminescence measurement of the constitutive Bacillus promoters PliaG and PlepA in the reporter vector pSBBs3C-luxABCDE. OD600 (up), LUMI (middle) and LUMI per OD600 (down) depending on the time (h) are shown for two different clones (green/blue). Data derive from three independent experiments, the graphs show the mean fo the three experiments and the standard deviation. Curves were fitted over each other (t=0, OD600=0,3) and smoothed by taking the average of three neighboring values.

All clones show a normal growth behaviour. The activity of both promoters increases during transition from log to stationary phase. PliaG has an activity maximum of about 100.000 Lumi/OD600. PlepA shows a maximum of about 400.000 Lumi/OD600. Comparing these two constitutive promoters the activity of PlepA is about four times higher than the activity of PliaG. In the late stationary phase the activity completely disappears. The second clone of the promoters PlepA and PliaG did not show any luminescence activity. Therefore additional clones should be measured.

β-galactosidase assay

The two constitutive promoters PliaG and Pveg were evaluated with the reporter vector pSBBs1C-lacZ which contains the lacZ reporter gene (Fig.2).

Englisch Auswertung PliaG Pveg.png

Fig. 2: β-galactosidase assay and growth curve of strains carrying the promoters PliaG (black) and Pveg (grey) fused to lacZ. β-galactosidase activity (Miller Units) and the growth curve values are the average of two independent clones with their standard deviation. Experiment shows representative data from three independent experiments.

Promoter activity leads to the expression of the β-galactosidase. The β-galactosidase assay of the constitutive Bacillus promoters Pveg and PliaG was repeated three times. The graph shows data of one representative experiment. In the beginning of the growth curve both promoters show only low activity before it increases to a maximum before it decreases to the begininng level after about seven hours (Data not shown). Summing up, the course of activity of both promoters Pveg and PliaG is very similar based on the growth curve. The highest β-galactosidase activity and therefore the highest activity of the promoter Pveg with a maximum of 65 Miller units can be found during the transition from the logarithmic to the stationary phase. This is about five times higher than the acitivity of the promoter PliaG with a maximum activity of about 12 Miller Units.

Sequence and Features

This part was amplified from the genome of B. subtilis.

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
  • 12
  • 21
  • 23
  • 25
  • 1000