Translational_Unit

Part:BBa_K346001

Designed by: Ao Liu & Ying Sheng   Group: iGEM10_Peking   (2010-10-08)

RBS (B0034) + MerR (mercury-responsive transcription factor)

This part was designed as a translational unit for MerR expression.


The mercury resistance operon, mer, enables bacteria to avoid and remove toxic metal Hg, under the regulation of the MerR family transcriptional factor MerR. MerR acts as an activator of mer genes in response to the presence of Hg (II), while it will turn into a weak repressor in the absence of Hg (II), to maintain its own expression at certain level.

MerR-structure.jpg

Fig.1. Predicted MerR dimer structure. The predicted three dimensional conformation of Hg (II) bound MerR structure by our 3D modeling. Two monomers are indicated in green and cyan, respectively. MerR can be divided into two modular domains: the metal binding domain at the C-terminal and DNA binding domain at the N-terminal. The signature of MerR family is a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif followed by a coiled-coil region, namely, a similar N-terminal helix-turn-helix DNA binding domains and a C-terminal effector binding domains that are specific to the effector (eg. metal ions)to be recognized


MerR protein, in the form of homodimer, binds to a dyad sequence between the -10 element and -35 region of element PmerT. The binding, however, is independent of the presence of Hg (II). When the apo-MerR dimer binds to the dyad symmetrical operator DNA between the -35 and – 10 elements of mercury inducible promoter, PmerT, which has an unusually long spacer of 19 bp, the contact of RNA polymerase is sloppy. When Hg (II) is available in the environment, ions bind to the interface of MerR dimer. The Hg-bound MerR dimer can result in a structural distortion of PmerT, allowing the RNA polymerase tight contacts to be made, leading to the expression of down-stream genes (Fig.2).

MerR-dimer.jpg

Fig.2. The mechanism of MerR transcription activation. A: The dimeric MerR regulator binds to the operator region of PmerT promoter and recruits RNA polymerase, forming a ternary complex. Transcription is slightly repressed because the apo-MerR regulator dimer has bent the promoter DNA such that RNA polymerase does not contact it properly. B: Upon binding the cognate metal ions, the metallated MerR homodimer causes a realignment of the promoter such that RNA polymerase contacts the -35 and -10 sequences leading to open complex formation and transcription. Adapted from Brown et al.


Sequence and Features

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[10]
  • 12
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[12]
  • 21
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[21]
  • 23
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[23]
  • 25
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[25]
  • 1000
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[1000]


[edit]
Categories
//binding/metal
//cds/transcriptionalregulator
Parameters
chassisDevice has been shown to work in DH5α.
n/aRBS (B0034) + MerR (mercury-responsive transcription factor)