Synthetic Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Beta Subunit This part is an improvement of Part:BBa_K732001. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is the hormone made by chorionic cells in the fetal part of the placenta where it stimulates the ovaries to synthesize important steroids for the maintenance of pregnancy. It is a member of the beta chain glycoprotein hormone family. The glycoproteins are heterodimers consisting of an alpha subunit and beta subunit. The beta subunit determines bio-specificity. Six genes encode the hCG beta subunit which are inverted on chromosome 19q13.3 and is boarding the luteinizing hormone beta subunit gene.
The presence of hCG is detectable by immunologic means within days of fertilization and forms the foundation of the common pregnancy tests. The hCG Beta-subunit has the epitopes that are detected by pregnancy tests, when hCG is present a pregnancy test will produce a positive result. It can be used in scenarios when detecting the autocatalysis of an enzyme. When hCG is fused to the end of an enzyme that is immobilized in a solution, if autocatalysis took place the hCG will be released into the solution and produce a positive pregnancy test result.
Sequence and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 21COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
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- 25COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 1000COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
Optimized primers for HCG for pSB1C3
Figure 1.3 Recombinant HCG Beta Subunit was successfully ligated into the pSB1C3 vector and was verified by sequencing several samples.
Figure 1.4 Recombinant HCG Beta Subunit was successfully ligated into the pGEX vector and was verified by sequencing several samples. The pGEX vector will be used for protein expression in Rosetta Gami cells.
Figure 1.5 Expressed and isolated hCG Beta subunit protein tagged with the GST
We found that our synthetically produced recombinant hCG beta subunit was detected by the hCG antibodies used to probe our nitrocellulose paper. Theoretically, the produced protein should also trigger a positive response on a pregnancy test strip, but it did not. This could be due to the fact that our concentrations are too low and other material present in the elutions could be blocking the binding of the antibodies.