Coding
mRFP1

Part:BBa_E2050

Designed by: ryu   Group: Antiquity   (2005-01-24)

derivative of mRFP1, yeast-optimized

mRFP derivative. Ex548nm/Em562. yeast codon optimized.


Usage and Biology

mOrange, a mRFP (DsRed) derivative. Higher quantum yield but blue shifted and slower maturing compared to current (1/05) best red, mCherry.


We used the part BBa_E2050to construct mRFP-fused protein. Sequencing result revealed this part is working.


Tianjin IGEM Team

Sequence and Features

Barcodes are discontinued, but one was appended to the sequence of this part. Composite parts using this part will include the barcode. More ...

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[10]
  • 12
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[12]
  • 21
    INCOMPATIBLE WITH RFC[21]
    Illegal BglII site found at 763
  • 23
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[23]
  • 25
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[25]
  • 1000
    COMPATIBLE WITH RFC[1000]

The followings were edited by SCU_China-2017

Improvement

Based on the part BBa_E2050 which containing coding sequence of mOrange only, we added pTetR promotor(BBa_R0040), RBS(BBa_B0034) and double terminators(BBa_B0010 and BBa_B0012) to it.

Characterization

In order to observe the fluorescence of mOrange easily and obviously, we transformed plasmid containing this part into E. coli BL21(DE3) strain which doesn’t have tetR gene. In this circumstance, mOrange can be expressed in BL21(DE3) cells constitutively.

After transformation, BL21(DE3) cells were cultured in LB solid media containing chloramphenicol for about 18 hours. We used two controls in the whole process, BL21(DE3) competent cells transformed with recombinant plasmid pCI-luxI-pSB1C3 and BL21(DE3) competent cells transformed with nothing.

BL21(DE3) colonies transformed with part BBa_K2276009 are orange. BL21(DE3) colonies transformed with pCI-luxI-pSB1C3 are in normal color. BL21(DE3) cells without any other plasmids can’t grow on plate containing chloramphenicol(Figure 1, a).

And then, we isolated the single colonies from selective plates, and inoculated a culture of about 3 mL LB medium containing chloramphenicol. The cultures were incubated at 37℃ for about 24 hours. Culture of BL21(DE3) cells transformed with part BBa_K2276009 are orange obviously. And BL21(DE3) cells transformed with pCI-luxI-pSB1C3 are light yellow(Figure 1, b).

Fig.1 Expression of mOrange in E. coli BL21(DE3) strain. (a), E. coli BL21(DE3) cells are transformed with ① part BBa_K2276009, ② recombinant plasmid pCI-luxI-pSB1C3, or ③ nothing and then cultured in LB solid media containing chloramphenicol for about 18 hours. (b), E. coli BL21(DE3) cells are transformed with ① part BBa_K2276009 or ② recombinant plasmid pCI-luxI-pSB1C3 and then cultured in LB liquid media containing chloramphenicol for about 24 hours. ③, negative control, LB liquid media containing chloramphenicol


























The following characterizations were edited by the iGEM-team Goettingen-2018

Figure 1:The wildtype strain 168 from Bacillus subtilis does not show orange color, while the tagged strains are orange colored.

Previous work using BBA_E2050 has only focused on its function in yeast. The aim of the experiments was to transform mERP into different Bacillus strains. Because the plasmid pSB1C3 does not contain an origin of replication for Bacillus, we cloned the fluorophore into the plasmid pAC7 and transformed it into competent DH5α. The fluorophore was additionally coupled to a self-made promoter, which is characterized by a perfect consensus sequence and perfect RBS for Bacillus. The E. coli strain has an increased transformation efficiency, where plasmid insertion is enhanced due to mutations in recA1 and endA1. pAC7 is a vector for the construction of translational lacZ fusions that can be integrated at the amyE site. Transformation with pAC7 allows direct integration of the fluorophore into the genome of Bacillus. In a further step, mERP was transformed into WT Bacillus subtilis strain 168, BP233 (trpC2 gltT::spc) and BP235 (trpC2 gltT::spc gltP::cat), which are characterized by a resistance towards the herbicide glyphosate.

Successful integration was verified by determination of α-amyE activity. The integration of the promoter-reporter gene fusion results in the inactivation of the amyE gene and the lack of α-amylase activity. As the functionality of the amyE gene can easily be determined by monitoring the activity of α-amylase, the lack of this enzymatic activity is a good indication for the correct integration of the promoter-reporter gene fusion. Furthermore, cells were grown in LB medium over night and cells were collected by centrifugation at 5000 rpm for 10 minutes. Pellets show the distinct orange colouration of mERP (Figure 1.)

Figure 2:On the left side are cells from strain iGEM24 in bright field microscopy. Mag:40x. Exp: 0.85 s. Filter: none. On the right side are cells from strain iGEM24 in fluorescence microscopy. Mag: 40x. Exp: 44.33 s. Filter: DAPI.

Successful integration was verified by determination of α-amyE activity. The integration of the promoter-reporter gene fusion results in the inactivation of the amyE gene and the lack of α-amylase activity. As the functionality of the amyE gene can easily be determined by monitoring the activity of α-amylase, the lack of this enzymatic activity is a good indication for the correct integration of the promoter-reporter gene fusion. Furthermore, cells were grown in LB medium over night and cells were collected by centrifugation at 5000 rpm for 10 minutes. Pellets show the distinct orange colouration of mERP (Figure 1.)

Activity of the fluorophore in the WT 168 was further analysed with fluorescence microscopy. Therefore, strains were incubated overnight at 37°C with agitation in darkness. 10 µL of the culture was transferred on microscope slides with solid 1% agarose in H2O to lock the cells in place for long exposure times (Figure 2).

Figure 3:Growthcurves of Bacillus subtilis strains WT 168, iGEM24, iGEM28, and iGEM36. On the abscissa is the time in [h] depicted, on the ordinate the optical density (measured at λ=600 nm).

The effects of the fluorophore on the fitness of the different strains were analysed using a platereader. Cell growth was measured at an absorbance of λ=600 nm. Fluorescence activity was measured at an excitation wavelength of λ=529 nm and an emission at λ=562 nm. The fitness was calculated relative to the fitness of the WT strain. The results show that the fluorophores do not impact the growth of the strains (Figure 3) in any way and that fluorophores work perfectly in the presence of the self-made promoter. The tagged strains were used for further experiments to create a rapid test for detection of glyphosate.


[edit]
Categories
//cds/reporter/rfp
//chassis/eukaryote/yeast
//function/reporter/fluorescence
Parameters
abs
colorOrange
emission
emit562
excitation
excite548
lum
proteinmOrange
tagNone