Designed by: Vinay S Mahajan, Voichita D. Marinescu, Brian Chow, Alexander D Wissner-Gross and Peter Carr IAP, 2003.   Group: Antiquity   (2003-01-31)

RBS.3 (medium) -- derivative of BBa_0030

Weak1 RBS based on Ron Weiss thesis. Strength is considered relative to BBa_B0030, BBa_B0031, BBa_B0033.

Usage and Biology

IIT Madras 2016's Characterization

Characterization of popular BioBrick RBSs


Global non-modularity towards promoters & protein coding parts and relative strength was estimated for RBSs B0030, B0032, B0034 in our modelling


Biobrick RBSs B0030, B0031, B0032, B0034 were used in our 'Noise in Device' experiment to understand the role of RBS parts in giving rise to noise.

Sequence and Features

Assembly Compatibility:
  • 10
  • 12
  • 21
  • 23
  • 25
  • 1000

Functional Parameters


(Relative to BBa_B0034)

Team Warsaw 2010's measurement

RBS strength (relative to B0034): 33,96%


Group: Valencia_UPV iGEM 2018
Author: Adrián Requena Gutiérrez, Carolina Ropero
Summary: We have adapted the part to be able to assemble transcriptional units with the Golden Gate method and we have done the characterization of this RBS.
BBa_K2656010 is the BBa_B0032 ribosome binding site standardized into the Golden Gate assembly method. It also includes the BioBrick equivalent scar in the 3' extreme, so the insertion of this supplementary bases ensure the correct spacing for the CDS expression when assembled into a TU.

Characterization of this part was performed with the transcriptional unit BBa_K2656102, which was used in a comparative RBS expression experiment with composite parts BBa_K2656103 and BBa_K2656101. They all were assembled in a Golden Braid alpha1 plasmid using the same promoter, coding sequence and terminator.

By using this experimental protocol, we have obtained the parameters to valide our constitutive modeland rationale choose its optimized values based on each RBS tested.

RBS experiment 1.
Figure 1. RBS expression experiment with K2656009, K26560010 and K2656011 RBS basic parts
Table 1. Optimized parameters for the BBa_K2656010 RBS.
Parameter Value
Translation rate p p = 0.01 min-1
Dilution rate μ μ = 0.01641 min-1

We have also calculated the relative force between the different RBS, taking BBa_K2656009 strong RBS as a reference. It has been defined as the quotient between the values of the protein in equilibrium of the results of the simulation of one RBS and another reference RBS. Likewise, a ratio between p parameters of the different RBS parts and p parameter of the reference RBS has been calculated.

Table 2. BBa_K2656010 (GB B0030 RBS) relative strength and p ratio.
Parameter Value
Relative strength 0.045
p parameter ratio (pRBS/pref) 0.048

>Internal Priming Screening Characterization of BBa_B0032: Has no possible internal priming sites between this BioBrick part and the VF2 or the VR primer.

The 2018 Hawaii iGEM team evaluated the 40 most frequently used BioBricks and ran them through an internal priming screening process that we developed using the BLAST program tool. Out of the 40 BioBricks we evaluated, 10 of them showed possible internal priming of either the VF2 or VR primers and sometime even both. The data set has a range of sequence lengths from as small as 12 bases to as large as 1,210 bases. We experienced the issue of possible internal priming during the sequence verification process of our own BBa_K2574001 BioBrick and in the cloning process to express the part as a fusion protein. BBa_K2574001 is a composite part containing a VLP forming Gag protein sequence attached to a frequently used RFP part (BBa_E1010). We conducted a PCR amplification of the Gag-RFP insert using the VF2 and VR primers on the ligation product (pSB1C3 ligated to the Gag + RFP). This amplicon would serve as template for another PCR where we would add the NcoI and BamHI restriction enzyme sites through new primers for ligation into pET14b and subsequent induced expression. Despite gel confirming a rather large, approximately 2.1 kb insert band, our sequencing results with the VR primer and BamHI RFP reverse primer gave mixed results. Both should have displayed the end of the RFP, but the VR primer revealed the end of the Gag. Analysis of the VR primer on the Gag-RFP sequence revealed several sites where the VR primer could have annealed with ~9 - 12 bp of complementarity. Internal priming of forward and reverse primers can be detrimental to an iGEM project because you can never be sure if the desired construct was correctly inserted into the BioBrick plasmid without a successful sequence verification.