Sequence and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12Illegal NheI site found at 7
Illegal NheI site found at 30
- 21COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 23COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 25COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 1000COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
The protein IrrE originates from Deinococcus radiodurans, where it confers resistance to radiation. When transformed into E. Coli however, it protected against salt, oxidative and thermal shock. IrrE appears to function as a global regulator of stress factor genes. So far it has been demonstrated to upregulate transcription of recA and pprA – genes which encode Recombinase A and Radiation Inducible Protein. With respect to salt tolerance, IrrE upregulates the production of several stress responsive proteins, protein kinases, metabolic proteins, and detoxification proteins. It also downregulates glycerol degradation. With this global regulatory effect, E. Coli becomes more salt tolerant.
IrrE is deduced to globally regulate gene expression in E. Coli, and to date, no specific assay allows for the convenient determination of IrrE expression. As such, the expression of IrrE will be determined indirectly by determining the increased salt tolerance of our cells. In order to confirm this, we will be conducting growth curve experiments. This will allow us to determine if our cell grow to a higher density in high salinity when compared to the untransformed cells.
From our results, we observed that E. Coli transformed with the IrrE gene exhibit greater salt tolerance than their non-transformed counterparts. This is revealed in the greater OD that the cells grow to in high salt media, as well as their increased growth rate during the exponential growth phase. Our results are consistent with the results obtained in the original paper (Pan et al. 2009), suggesting that our cells are indeed expressing the IrrE global regulator.
While at low salt concentration, no significant difference is seen in the achievable cell density or exponential phase growth rate, with greater salinity (especially around the salt concentration of the ocean environment - ~0.6M), significant differences are seen in both parameters, peaking at 59% and 28% for growth rate and final optical density respectively.
Thus we can report that by inserting our IrrE gene construct into the E.coli cell line, we have determined that it is ideal for conferring increased salt tolerance to the organism, transferring the property of extreme resistance from Deinococcus radiodurans (the source of the gene) to our E.coli.
"IrrE, a global regulator of extreme radiation resistance in Deinococcus radiodurans, enhances salt tolerance in Escherichia coli and Brassica napus.(Pan, J., Wang, J., Zhou, Z.(2009)PloS one, 4(2), e4422.)