Promoter derived from Bacillus subtilis 168 (yqgW)
Constitutive promoter identified from promoter mining of the Bacillus subtilis 168 genome.
Usage and Biology
Our team is developing a novel precipitation method using bacteria engineered with enzymes capable of producing the carbonate ions required for precipitation of calcium carbonate. Our chosen bacterial chassis is Bacillus subtilis due to the species natural ability to tolerate changes in pH . Previously our supervisory team had identified 30 putative constitutive promoters from the genome of B. subtilis 168. They asked us if we wanted to investigate whether any of them were active and if so, if we wanted to use them in our project and of course we said yes! This promoter was found upstream of an open reading frame annotated as yqgW (a conserved protein of unknown function) in the published genome sequence of B. subtilis 168 (NC_000964). We know it as promoter 30!
Using TypeIIs cloning we inserted the promoter upstream of the coding sequence for either AmilCP (blue chromoprotein) or MeffCP (pink chromoprotein) and transformed the resulting plasmids into E. coli DH5 alpha. After 24 h growth colonies containing the AmilCP gene appeared blue (Figure 1), indicating that despite the promoter originating from B. subtilis, the promoter was active in E. coli. Colonies containing the MeffCP gene did not appear pink, indicating that the promoter was unable to drive expression of this coding sequence. This could suggest that promoter activity is dependent on genetic context.
Figure 1: E. coli transformation plate
We picked three blue colonies from the AmilCP transformation plate and used them to inoculate E. coli cultures (in LB broth). We monitored growth of the cultures (OD 600nm, data not shown) and expression of the protein (A 420 nm, blue light region of the electromagnetic spectrum) over 24 h (Figure 2). The graph shows an initial lag phase (~3 h), exponential increase in absorbance at 420 nm (3-9 h) and max production after 10 h. It is interesting that the lag phase for this promoter is longer compared to our second promoter BBa_K3371001 but unfortunately we did not have time to investigate this further.
Figure 2: E. coli growth curves
Unfortunately due to the COVID-19 pandemic and limited access to the lab we were unable to investigate whether the promoter was active in B. subtilis. We have added a constitutive E. coli promoter to the registry and we hope that future teams will be able to make use of this putative promoter in B. subtilis.
 Wilks et al. (2009) Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75 (981)
Sequences and Features
- 10COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 12COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 21COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 23COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 25COMPATIBLE WITH RFC
- 1000COMPATIBLE WITH RFC