Motivation & Discussion
The BioBrick RFC, developed by Tom Knight, is a standard for interchangeable parts based on idempotent assembly. BioBrick RFC is currently the most commonly used assembly standard: the majority of parts in the Registry database are RFC compatible, and the majority of samples in the Registry's Repositories are maintained in RFC plasmid backbones. As such, using RFC ensures a greater diversity when designing your synthetic biology projects.
BioBrick RFC uses an alternate shortened prefix for protein coding regions to prevent a rbs-cds issues.
A major concern with BioBrick RFC is that it does not facilitate the assembly of proteins, the traditional 8bp scar creates a frame-shift, while the alternate 6bp scar includes a stop codon. If you wish to assemble proteins you will want to use an RFC designed specifically for protein assembly (see below). Alternatively, scarless assembly or DNA synthesis can circumvent this issue in RFC.
- well tested and documented
- native protein start codon can be preserved while using RBS parts.
- large and still growing set of parts
- no protein fusion (stop codon in 6bp scar, frameshift and stop codon in 8bp scar)
Prefix and Suffix
Prefix Suffix 5' - GAATTC GCGGCCGC T TCTAGA G ...part... T ACTAGT A GCGGCCG CTGCAG - 3' EcoRI NotI XbaI SpeI NotI PstI
There is a second prefix designed for protein coding regions (parts start with ATG, see RBS-CDS issues for more info):
Prefix Suffix 5' - GAATTC GCGGCCGC T TCTAG ...part... T ACTAGT A GCGGCCG CTGCAG - 3' EcoRI NotI XbaI SpeI NotI PstI
Assembling two parts leaves the following scar:
5' [part A] TACTAGAG [part B] 3'
The scar between a RBS and protein coding region (alternate prefix) would be:
5' [part A] TACTAG [part B] 3'
In order for a part to be compatible with BioBrick RFC it must not contain the following restriction sites, as these are unique to the prefix and suffix:
- Draft Standard for Biobrick Biological Parts
- The BioBricks Foundation - Format Discussion
- Old Registry RFC Page
|Tom Knight, a senior research scientist at MIT CSAIL, developed Assembly standard 10 in 2003. It is the most widely adopted assembly standard in synthetic biology.|
- Idempotent Vector Design for Standard Assembly of Biobricks by Tom Knight
- BBF RFC 9: Idempotent vector design for the standard assembly of Biobricks by Tom Knight, Randall Rettberg, Leon Chan, Drew Endy, Reshma Shetty, Austin Che
- BBF RFC10: Draft standard for Biobrick biological parts by Tom Knight
More About Assembly Standards
BioBrick RFC | BioBrick BB-2 RFC | Berkeley RFC | Silver RFC | Freiburg RFC